As soon as the vaccine enters the tissue cells, it uses the instructions to make a peaplomer. This process typically takes less than 12 hours.
How COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection) Does the vaccine work in the body? – Wixy, 12 years old, New York
NS COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection) The pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has changed the lifestyles of people around the world. As of late August 2021 630,000 people died Only in the United States.Health experts agree COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection) Vaccines are one important method To help put an end to the pandemic.
However, vaccination can be frightening for both children and adults.In addition, how COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection) Vaccines work, but some are difficult to understand.
As a pediatrician Infectious disease doctor And scientists As a researcher of bacteria such as bacteria and viruses, I pay close attention to pandemics and their development. COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection) vaccination.
Vaccines are made to resemble an intruder
The most important thing to understand about vaccines is to teach your body how to prepare to fight the infection without having to deal with the infection itself. In this way, the vaccine helps your body prepare for the invasion of bacteria that could otherwise make you very ill.
All three COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection) Vaccines available in the United States Focus on what is called the SARS-CoV-2 virus spike protein, or coronavirus .. SARS-CoV-2 is a round virus with ridges throughout. It’s like baseball covered with golf tees. Bumps are spike proteins.
actually coronavirus , Spike protein COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection) It allows the virus to invade cells and allow the virus to make more copies of itself.It does this by Stick to a particular type of proteinHuman cells, especially lung cells, called receptors. In this way, the virus can invade healthy cells and infect them.
Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson vaccines all work equally well by instructing the cells of the body to make spike proteins.Pfizer and Modana vaccines give these instructions A molecule called mRNA.. This single-stranded molecule looks like a long tape with instructions for encoding proteins on one side.
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine, on the other hand, passes instructions to cells via DNA molecules.Use virus Called adenovirus, Cannot make a copy of itself, to carry the DNA of the peaplomer to human cells. This DNA is copied to mRNA, which converts the instructions into proteins. in this case, coronavirus ..
Therefore, the main difference between the three vaccines is that Pfizer Shot and Moderna Shot direct the peplomer to the body via mRNA, while Johnson & Johnson Shot direct the peaplomer via DNA. After that, all three vaccines work the same.
What happens when the vaccine enters the body?
one time COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection) When the vaccine is injected, the mRNA or DNA is swallowed by histiocytes and specialized immune cells that inhabit muscle, skin, and organs. Dendritic cells.. Dendritic cells continue to monitor every part of the body like a sentry, looking for signs of invading bacteria. coronavirus ..
As soon as DNA or mRNA enters a dendritic or histiocyte, the cell uses instructions to make a peplomer.This process Usually takes Less than 12 hours. After the peplomer is made and ready to be “displayed” by the immune system, the mRNA or DNA is broken down and eliminated by the cells.
It is important to know that even if cells make their own peeremomers, they do not have enough information to make a complete copy of the virus.However, peaplomers can trigger the body’s immune system to strengthen defenses, so the whole thing coronavirus Invade.
When histiocytes and dendritic cells recognize the peplomer as an unwelcome visitor, the cell places a section of the peaplomer on the outside so that other cells can see it. Dendritic cells also emit a “danger” signal, informing other cells that peplomer poses a threat. The danger signal is like a flashing neon yellow sign pointing to the displayed speplomer piece, saying “This doesn’t belong!”.
These warning signals provoke an immune response in your body.
What happens when the immune system recovers?
Thanks to that process, the body is now very vigilant and ready to learn to fight intruders-in this case, the spek protein made after injection. COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection) vaccination.
Immune cells in the body, called B cells and T cells, recognize warning signs of invaders from the outside. Thousands of these cells can help rush to the area to learn about this new threat and provide protection.
B cells are specialists in building “traps” called antibodies, which remove all invading peplomers. Different B cells make many specialized antibodies that recognize different parts of viruses and bacteria. And B cells act like factories, and even after they’re gone, they continue to make antibodies to the perceived threat and protect the body for a long time to come.
One type T cellsAre called helper T cells and help B cells make antibodies in the presence of warning signals. Another type of T cell is there to see if other cells in the body are infected with the virus. If that type of T cell finds an infected cell, it removes the infected cell and cannot make any more copies to pass the infection to other cells.
Why does my arm hurt?
Since all of these important processes are happening in your body, you may see some physical signs that there is a struggle going on under the skin. If your arm hurts after being shot, it’s because immune cells such as dendritic cells, T cells, and B cells are competing for your arm to test for threats.
You may also experience Fever Or other Signs of illness.. All of this means that your body is doing exactly what it is supposed to be. This is a safe and natural process that happens when the body is learning how to fight spider proteins.That way, if you come in contact with the real thing coronavirus , Your body has learned how to protect you from it.
Glen J Rhapsinsky, University of Pittsburgh Pediatric Infectious Diseases Fellow
How the COVID-19 Vaccine Works Once in the Body-Roadmap for Children and Adults-Health News, Firstpost
Source link How the COVID-19 Vaccine Works Once in the Body-Roadmap for Children and Adults-Health News, Firstpost